The Knights Hospitaller
in the Crusader Period:
The Hospitallers were founded in the Eleventh Century to operate a sick-bay
for Latin pilgrims in Jerusalem. During the Crusades, the Order slowly became
a military as well as a medical organization, one of the best armies in the
Middle East -- and in peacetime a multi-national business concern. Even so,
the Knights continued to offer medical care even to their enemies, and to
live by a semi-monastic rule.
The Order of Saint John
in the Time of the Crusades, by Guy Stair Sainty (Venerable Order)
Life of the Blessed
Gérard Tonque, by Gérard T. Lagleder Gérard
founded the Order. (Brotherhood of Bl. Gérard)
Gérard at Work: Apparently a seventeenth century print. (Swedish
The Knights of Saint John
in England, Scotland, and Ireland before the Reformation, by Guy Stair
Sainty (Venerable Order)
Knights Hospitallers in Poland, by Darius von Güttner Sporzynski:
A fairly long historical account.
A Bibliography, by Lynn Nelson (ORB)
Later Crusades, 1274-1580: A Bibliography, by Graham Smith. (University
Illuminated Manuscript Images: the Crusades (Bibliothèque
Nationale de France)
A Chronicle in Art, by Carol L. Gerten: Valuable Mediæval
manuscript illustrations, with a decidedly anti-Crusader commentary. (CGFA)
Jerusalem: the Crusader and Ayyubid
Period. Part of the innovative Jerusalem Mosaic online project, a
guide to the city as it was. Includes
a section on the Order of St.
John. (Hebrew University).
at Beersheba: Apparently a seventeenth century print. (Swedish
of the Fourth Crusade, by Geoffrey de Villehardouin (ORB Medieval
Hospitaller Prepare to Defend:" But defend what? Unidentified mediæval
manuscript illumination. [Crusades in Art]
into Captivity: After the Battle of Damietta, I think. Mediæval
illumination. The prisoners in red are Hospitallers. [Crusades in Art]
Castles, by Børre Ludvigsen and the Al Mashriq development
of Acre, by D. Tal and M. Haramti
the Lady Hospitallers of the Royal Monastery of Sigena: In Latin.
Sigena is in Spain. The Rule was evidently written by Queen Sancha of Aragon.
(University of Kansas)
Dorset: Page about an English village and manor once owned by the Order;
the village church is one of only three in England dedicated to the Greek
saint Basil the Great. (The Dorset Page)
Adam de Ireys. A knight who joined the Order after the First Crusade;
allegedly the ancestor of the English family whose name is now spelled "Irish".
(Irish Family Genealogy Page)
Picture of a Knight
Hospitaller: Romantic Nineteenth Century image. (Catholic
Encyclopedia, 1913 Edition)
Attire of the Dames
Hospitaller of St. John, Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries.
Illustration from Braun and Schneider's History of Costume.
The existence of women in the Order is all too often often forgotten by
historians. See also François Velde's
Knights in the Middle Ages.
Attire of the Knights
Hospitaller of St. John, Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. From Braun
and Schneider's History of Costume, ca. 1860-80.
Museum Commanderie van Sint-Jan: A local history museum in Nijmegen,
Holland. The building was originally a Hospitaller Commandery.(European Museum
From Byzantium to the
French Revolution, edited by K. Feig: Annotated guide to
The editor of this page welcomes further information. Please